Empreendedorismo de migrantes, práticas de criação de valor e transformação urbana em São Paulo, Brasil

Palavras-chave: Entrepreneurship, Gastronomy, Hospitality, Migration, Urban tourism.

Resumo

Este artigo analisa práticas de empreendedorismo de migrantes, incluindo refugiados, que são proprietários ou administram negócios vinculados à prestação de serviços e experiências de alimentação, hospitalidade, lazer, turismo e eventos. Baseado em dados empíricos coletados em São Paulo (Brasil), o estudo, do ponto de vista conceitual, aborda as formas através das quais imigrantes criam "bens" culturais (englobando objetos materiais, serviços e experiências), que foram submetidos a processos de valoração. O artigo considera as práticas através das quais migrantes mobilizam identidades, histórias, e conhecimentos culturais específicos como recursos para a construção experiências. Ademais, diferenciamos cinco conjuntos de práticas: a objetificação do eu, a estetização da alteridade, autenticação de experiências gastronômicas em locais específicos, construção de locais de hospitalidade como espaços culturais e práticas de “vitrinização” (criando plataformas para a divulgação de talentos dos migrantes). Discutimos potenciais consequências dessas práticas para migrantes, consumidores, ambientes urbanos e seus residentes, e identificamos caminhos para pesquisas futuras.

Biografia do Autor

Peter Lugosi, Oxford Brookes University
Reader at the Oxford School of Hospitality Management, Oxford Brookes University, United Kingdom. Peter has researched and published on a wide range of subjects including customer experiences, migration and migrant labour issues, parenting cultures, research methods, and organisational behaviour. Peter co-founded the Hospitality & Society journal, and he is currently the Controversies and Reviews Editor. He serves on a number of journal editorial boards including the International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, Journal of Business Research, International Journal of Tourism Research, Journal of Destination Marketing and Management, and Annals of Leisure Research.
Thiago Allis, University of São Paulo
Assistant professor at School of Arts, Sciences and Humanities (EACH), at University of São Paulo, Brazil. His scholarly and research interests include urban tourism, regional and urban planning, and tourism mobilities. Thiago has lead and participated in several research and outreach projects funded by Brazilian and international agencies, with tourism, urban planning, mobilities and migration as subjects. After a stay in East Timor as an invited lecturer in 2012, Thiago started to combine tourism and (post-)conflict in his academic activities.

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Publicado
01-03-2019
Seção
Artigos