Percepção social do uso turístico em áreas naturais protegida

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.7784/rbtur.v16.2222

Palavras-chave:

Percepção, Turismo, Cozumel, Uso, Áreas Naturais Protegidas.

Resumo

A percepção social pode constituir-se num factor influente na criação, promoção e execução das políticas públicas de aproveitamento dos espaços naturais com uso turístico. O objetivo geral do estudo foi avaliar os fatores mais influentes na percepção social dos residentes da ilha de Cozumel sobre o aproveitamento turístico das Áreas Naturais Protegidas. Aplicou-se uma abordagem quantitativa, com a técnica de pesquisa e uma amostra aleatória representativa por conglomerados, para avaliar a percepção de impactos para a natureza, o aproveitamento sustentável e o turismo, com um modelo de equações estruturais. Os resultados revelam uma percepção negativa sobre o aproveitamento turístico das Áreas Naturais Protegidas, mas se reconhecem os benefícios econômicos e uma preocupação social pela conservação. O fator mais influente na percepção das pessoas sobre os impactos positivos das Áreas Naturais Protegidas foi "Benefícios do turismo". Conclui-se que os benefícios econômicos são o fator predominante na percepção social da população de Cozumel. Sugere-se que as políticas públicas para o desenvolvimento do turismo devem incentivar programas educacionais que expliquem a relação entre conservação e benefícios econômicos.

Biografia do Autor

Lucinda Arroyo Arcos, Universidad de Quintana Roo, Quintana Roo, Chetumal, México

Es profesora investigadora de carrera, adscrita a la Universidad de Quintana Roo, Cozumel. Doctora en Geografía por la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Miembro del Sistema Nacional de Investigadores (SNI 1).

María de Jesús Moo Canul, Universidad de Quintana Roo

Es maestra en comunicación corporativa por la Universidad Anáhuac de Cancún. Actualmente es profesora-investigadora del Departamento de Estudios Sociales y Empresariales, División de Desarrollo Sustentable en la Universidad de Quintana Roo, Unidad Cozumel. Sus líneas de investigación actuales son estrategias de comunicación para el aprovechamiento turístico sustentable y estudios sobre satisfacción turística.

Romano Gino Segrado Pavón, Universidad de Quintana Roo, Quintana Roo, Chetumal, México

Profesor investigador de la carrera de la Universidad de Quintana Roo, División de Desarrollo Sustentable. Doctorado en Ciencias Ambientales, con líneas de investigación en el área del aprovechamiento turístico sustentable en espacios naturales y límites sociales para el uso de la naturaleza.

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Publicado

2021-09-15

Edição

Seção

Artigos - Gestão do Turismo